In 2016, there were 110,970 deaths in the country. Diseases of the circulatory system (29.6%) and malignant neoplasms (24.7%) were responsible for more than half (54.2%) of deaths in the country in 2016, being the two main underlying causes of death.
There were 32,805 deaths due to diseases of the circulatory system, less 0.2% than in the previous year. Women were the most affected by this group of causes of death, accounting for 55.1% of deaths due to diseases of the circulatory system. The average age at the time of death was 81.1 years, lower for men (78.0 years) than for women (83.7 years). The number of deaths due to diseases of the circulatory system before the age of 70 years increased by 0.5% between 2015 and 2016.
Malignant neoplasms caused 27,357 deaths, 2.7% more than in 2015 (26,647 deaths). This group of diseases hit more men (59.6%) than women (40.4%), and the average age at the time of death was 73.1 years.
Premature mortality (before 70 years of age) stood at 36.7%, higher for men (39.5%) than for women (33.3%) and the number of potential years of life lost in the country in 2016 due to malignant neoplasms was 111,072.
In 2016, there was a decrease of deaths due diseases of the respiratory system (12.1% vis-à-vis 12.4% in 2015) and of those caused by diabetes mellitus (3.9% vis-à-vis 4.0% in 2015).
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