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Live performances: spectators increased by 1 million and revenues increased by €3 million
Culture Statistics
Live performances: spectators increased by 1 million and revenues increased by €3 million - 2021
15 December 2022


In 2021, the number of sessions of live performances increased by 63.7%; 1.0 million more spectators (+41.8%), and a €3.0 million increase in ticket revenues (+12.3%), compared to 2020.

The museums recovered 1.8 million visitors (more 30.7% than in 2020), of which 853.9 thousand (+41.9%) were foreign visitors.

Cinema accounted 5.5 million spectators (+44.1%) and €30.6 million box office revenues (+48.9%).

Newspapers, magazines, and other periodical publications decreased the total circulation by 12.3% and sold copies by 10.5%.

According to the National Library of Portugal, in 2021 (provisional data) 10,873 books were edited-printed, which corresponds to an increase of 7.2% compared to 2020.

Watching television on the internet stood out in online cultural participation (+2.7 p.p.).

Prices of newspapers and of periodicals, cinema, theatre, and concert tickets increased by 3.1%.

The Local government expenditure on cultural and creative activities reached €491.4 million, following an increase of 4.5% (more €21.0 million) when compared to 2020.

The trade balance deficit for cultural goods worsened, moving from -€183.4 million in 2020 to -€208.7 million in 2021.

In 2021, the number of enterprises, turnover, and Gross Value Added in the cultural and creative sector increased, by 6.0%, 14.1%, and 15.3%, respectively.

In 2021, cultural employment was estimated at 187.7 thousand people, accounting for 3.9% of total employment.

The gross monthly earnings per employee in cultural and creative activities was €1,363 (more 4.5% compared to 2020).

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