In 2020, the median value of gross reported income less personal income tax paid per taxable person was 9 665 € in Portugal. 68 municipalities presented median income values higher than the national reference: the 18 municipalities of the Área Metropolitana de Lisboa, 21 municipalities in the Centro, 13 in the Alentejo, seven in the Norte, five in the Região Autónoma dos Açores, three in the Região Autónoma da Madeira and one in the Algarve. The three municipalities with the highest values were Oeiras (14 091 €), Lisboa (12 938 €) and Cascais (11 827 €).
In 2020, the median value of gross declared income less personal income tax paid per taxable person increased +1.3% compared to the last year in Portugal. Despite the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic, only 11 municipalities showed a decrease in the median value of income per taxable person, compared to 2019. Out of this group, six municipalities belonging to the Algarve stood out - with Albufeira (-3.0%) registering the largest annual decrease – and, in the metropolitan areas, São João da Madeira (-0.4%) and Cascais (-0.3%).
Between 2019 and 2020 there was a decrease in the annual rate of change of the median income value in 268 municipalities. This included 10 of the 18 municipalities in the Área Metropolitana de Lisboa, eight of the 15 municipalities in the Algarve, and four of the 17 in the Área Metropolitana do Porto.
In 2020, the P80/P20 ratio was 2.8 in Portugal and 48 municipalities showed a value above this reference, with Lisbon (3.8) and Porto (3.6) standing out with the greatest asymmetry.