In 2019, the environmental goods and services sector generated 2.6% of the national Gross Value Added (GVA), 3.6% of exports and 2.3% of employment.
Between 2014 and 2019, exports in this sector increased by 41.9% and employment by 23.8%, which translates into higher changes by 8.5 percentage points (p.p.) and 10.6 p.p., respectively, compared to those observed for the total economy. In this period, GVA grew 19.8%, 3.0 p.p. below that registered in the national economy.
In 2018, the last year with available information for the EU, Portugal was the eighth country with the largest share of environmental goods and services sector GVA in the national GVA and the fifth with the largest share of exports in the national total.
In 2019, the National Expenditure on Environmental Protection (NEEP) amounted to 3 448.4 M€ (1.6% of GDP), increasing by 5.4% compared to the previous year (change of +6.3% in 2018) and reaching the maximum value.