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Positive net migration for the third consecutive year and greater than the previous year
Demographic statistics
Positive net migration for the third consecutive year and greater than the previous year - 2019
13 November 2020


In 2019, the resident population in Portugal was estimated at 10,295,909 people, an increase of 19,292 inhabitants from the previous year, after nine years of population decline.
The number of live births was 86,579, a decrease of 0.5% compared with 2018 (87,020). The total fertility rate increased to 1.42 children per woman (1.41 in 2018).
The mean age of women at childbirth continued to increase, reaching 31.4 years, the same as in 2018, while the mean age at first childbirth increased to 29.9 years (29.8 years in 2018).
The number of deaths was 111,793, a decrease of 1.1% when compared to 2018 (113,051). The number of infant deaths was 246, less 41 deaths than in 2018. The infant mortality rate decreased to 2.8 deaths per thousand live births (3.3‰ in 2018).
In 2018, 33,272 marriages were celebrated in Portugal, a decrease of 3.9% over the previous year (34,637). The mean age at first marriage was 33.9 years for men and 32.4 years for women (33.6 years and 32.1 years, respectively in 2018).
The number of divorces increased 0.4%, to 20,421. The mean age at divorce was 47.6 years for men and 45.2 years for women.
The number of permanent immigrants who entered Portugal in 2019 was estimated at 72,725, 68.5% more than in 2018 (43,170), and the number of permanent emigrants who left the country was estimated at 28,219, 10.7% less than in 2018 (31,600). Thus the net migration was positive for the third consecutive year (4,886 in 2017, 11,570 in 2018 and 44,506 in 2019).
In 2019, 30,478 foreigners acquired Portuguese citizenship, 5.6% higher than in 2018 (28,856): 21,099 citizenship acquisitions were attributed to foreigners residing in Portugal and 9,379 to residents abroad.

Despite the circumstances caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, Statistics Portugal calls for the best cooperation from enterprises, households and public bodies in responding to Statistics Portugal’s requests. The quality of official statistics, particularly their ability to identify the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, crucially depends on this cooperation, for which Statistics Portugal thanks you in advance.

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