In 2020, the material deprivation rate in Portugal decreased to 13.5% (15.1% in 2019) and the severe material deprivation to 4.6% (5.6% in 2019). The information collected on material deprivation, from April to September 2020, confirms the downward trend in material deprivation, except for the lack of economic capacity to have a meat or fish meal (or vegetarian equivalent), every 2 days, which increased from 2.3% in 2019 to 2.5% in 2020.
In the same year, 51.3% of the population rated their health status as good or very good, 1.2 pp more than in 2019. However, 2020 was, among the last 5 years, the one that registered the highest proportion (43.2%) of people aged 16 and over with chronic disease, the largest annual increase in the indicator (2.0 pp) and an inversion in relation to the two previous successive annual decreases.
The unmet need for medical appointments in the 12 months prior to the interview increased in 2020 and affected 3.9% of the population aged 16 or over, in contrast to the downward trend of the last 5 years.
The Survey on Living Conditions and Income, carried out in 2020 on income from the previous year, also indicates that 16.2% of people were at-risk-of-poverty in 2019 (compared with 17.2% in 2018), maintaining the downward trend in the indicator. The risk of poverty rate corresponded, in 2019, to the proportion of inhabitants with a net monetary income per equivalent adult below 6,480 euros per year (540 euros per month).
According to the indicator that combines the conditions of risk of poverty, severe material deprivation and very low labor intensity per capita, 2,037 thousands of people were at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion in 2020 (2019 incomes). The rate of poverty or social exclusion in 2020 was 19.8% (21.6% a year earlier).