In 2016, the environmental goods and services sector accounted for 3.0% of gross value added (GVA), 3.5% of exports and 2.4% of employment. Compared to the previous year, there were higher growth rates in this sector than the economy in the main economic variables analyzed, with a GVA increase of 10.8% (3.4% for the economy as a whole) and Exports (6.4%, compared to 2.7% for the total). The environmental domains that contributed most to the GVA growth were the management of energy resources (+16.2%), waste management (+13.6%) and water management (+10.6%).
In 2015 the relative weight of the environmental goods and services sector GVA in the national GVA was 2.8%, higher than the EU28 average (2.3%).
In 2016, the National Expenditure on Environmental Protection (NEEP) totalized 2,289.3 M€ (1.2% of GDP), having decreased by 6.3% over the previous year, reflecting the reduction in investment and the increase in transfers received from the Rest of the World.