The Survey on Income and Living Conditions held in 2016 shows that 19.0% of the population was at risk of poverty in 2015, declining from the previous year (19.5%).
The at-risk-of-poverty rate corresponded to the proportion of inhabitants with an annual net equivalent monetary income below €5,268 in 2015 (€439 a month).
In 2015 the highest at-risk-of-poverty rates continued to be estimated for households composed of two adults with three or more dependent children and those of one adult with at least one dependent child (respectively, 42.7% and 31.6%).
The risk of poverty also affected, although differently, the following groups:
22.4% of people younger than 18 years old, 2.4 p.p. less than in 2014;
18.3% of elderly population, higher than in 2014 (17.0%);
42.0% of unemployed population and 10.9% of employed population, unchanged from the previous year.
There was a strong inequality in income distribution in 2015 despite a slight decrease from the previous year: the Gini Coefficient declined from 34.0% to 33.9%, and the S80/S20 share ratio from 6.0 to 5.9.
In 2016, less people were materially deprived (19.5%, in comparison to 21.6% in 2015) and severely materially deprived (8.4%, in comparison to 9.6% in 2015).