Of the total of 711.4 thousand self-employed workers in 2022, 14.8% (105.1 thousand; 0.4 percentage points (pp) less than in 2021) had a client which represented 75% or more of their income (after taxes), an indicator of economic dependence. From that same total, 12.0% (85.4 thousand; up 0.6 pp) stated that their working hours are determined by their clients, an indicator of organisational dependence. Combining these two types of dependence, it can be said that 2.5% (17.7 thousand; in relation to 2021, this indicator has remained practically unchanged) of the self-employed workers are, simultaneously, economically and organisationally dependent.
Of the total of 7,660.3 thousand people aged 16 to 74 years, 12.2% (932.0 thousand) attended formal education and 26.0% (1,990.3 thousand) attended a non-formal education course in the last 12 months. Combining these two types of education, it was observed that 33.8% (2,588.5 thousand) of that population participated in at least one type of education and training activities in the past 12 months.
Of the total of 8,693.7 thousand people aged 16 to 89 years, 39.6% (3,443.4 thousand) assessed their general health status as good. However, 5.3% (457.2 thousand) considered themselves to be severely limited by health problems, for at least 6 months, to perform activities or tasks considered usual for most people.