In 2021, the median value of gross reported income less personal income tax paid per taxable person was 10 128 € in Portugal. 69 municipalities presented median income values higher than the national reference. The municipalities with median values above 12 000 € were Oeiras (14 552 €), Lisboa (13 378 €), Cascais (12 296 €), Alcochete (12 239 €) and Coimbra (12 055 €).
In 2021, the median value of gross reported income less personal income tax paid per taxable person increased +4.8% compared to the last year (+1.3% in 2020). All municipalities increased the median value of income per taxable person and more than 35% of municipalities grew above the country. Between 2020 and 2021 there was an increase in the annual rate of change of the median income value in 83% of the municipalities. In 58 municipalities the acceleration of income was equal to or greater than that observed in the country (+3.5 percentage points). Albufeira presented the greatest increase (+8.4 p.p.) between the rate of change of 2020 and 2021.
In 2021, the Gini coefficient of the gross reported income less personal income tax paid per taxable person was 36.1% in Portugal (36.4% in 2020). In 30 municipalities, the inequality in income distribution was higher than the country, especially in the municipalities of Lisboa (42.5%), Porto (42.0%), Vila do Porto (40.7%) and Cascais (40.6%). Between 2020 and 2021, 75% of the municipalities registered a decrease in the asymmetry of the gross reported income less personal income tax paid per taxable person, with the municipality of Vila do Porto (-1.7 p.p.) having the highest reduction.
The analysis of income mobility at local level between 2019 and 2021 (see Box) shows that the number of individuals who moved up 2 or more deciles in the income distribution was higher than those who moved down in 90% of the municipalities.
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