In the 4th quarter of 2021, the employed population (4,879.0 thousand people) stood practically unchanged from the previous quarter, having increased by 3.1% (148.4 thousand) from the year before.
The share of the employed population who has worked always or almost always from home using information and communication technologies, this is, who have worked remotely, was 9.3%, covering 455.5 thousand people, which corresponded to the lowest share since this indicator started to be collected in the 2nd quarter of 2020.
The unemployed population, estimated at 330.6 thousand people, has increased by 3.7% (11.9 thousand) from the previous quarter and has decreased by 11.4% (42.6 thousand) from a year earlier.
The unemployment rate stood at 6.3%, up 0.2 percentage points (pp) from the 3rd quarter of 2021 and down 1.0 pp from the 4th quarter of 2020.
The labour underutilisation covered 630.1 thousand people, having decreased by 1.9% (12.3 thousand) from the previous quarter and by 15.7% (116.9 thousand) from a year before. Similarly, also the labour underutilisation rate (11.7%) has decreased both from the previous quarter (0.2 pp) and from a year earlier (2.3 pp).
The inactive population aged 16 and over (3,612.1 thousand people) remained practically unchanged from the previous quarter and has decreased by 2.4% (90.0 thousand) from the 4th quarter of 2020.
In 2021, the annual average employed population stood at 4,812.3 thousand people and has increased by 2.7% (128.6 thousand) from the previous year. On the other hand, the unemployed population, estimated at 338.8 thousand people, has decreased by 3.4% (12.0 thousand) from 2020.
The unemployment rate stood at 6.6% and the labour underutilisation at 12.5%, both down from the 2020 (0.4 pp and 1.6 pp, respectively).
The young people (aged 16 to 24) unemployment rate stood at 23.4%, 0.9 pp more than in the previous year, while the proportion of long-term unemployment was 43.4%, up 10.1 pp from 2020.