In 2020, 84,426 live births were born in Portugal, children of mothers residing in the national territory, corresponding to a decrease of 2.5% when compared to 2019.
The mean age of women at childbirth (regardless of the birth order) was 31.6 years (31.4 years in 2019), while the mean age at first childbirth increased to 30.2 years (29.9 years in 2019).
The number of deaths was 123,358, following an increase of 10.3% when compared to 2019 (111,793). The number of infant deaths was 205, less 41 deaths than in 2019. The infant mortality rate decreased to 2.4 deaths per thousand live births (2.8‰ in 2019).
In 2019, 18,902 marriages were celebrated in Portugal, corresponding to a decrease of 43.2% over the previous year (33,272). The mean age at first marriage was 34.9 years for men and 33.4 years for women (33.9 years and 32.4 years, respectively in 2019).
17,295 divorces were decreed, less 15.3% when compared to 2019 (20,421). The mean age at divorce was 47.9 years for men and 45.5 years for women.
In 2020, and for the fourth consecutive year, the number of permanent immigrants (67,160) surpassed the number of permanent emigrants (25,886), corresponding to a positive net migration of 41,274.
As a result of the positive net migration, which counterbalanced the negative natural increase, the resident population in Portugal increased, registering a crude net rate of increase of 0.02%.
In 2020, 59,817 foreigners acquired Portuguese citizenship, a number that almost doubled that observed in 2019 (30,469). Of the total citizenship acquisitions, 32,147 were attributed to foreigners residing in Portugal and 27,670 to residents abroad.
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