The resident population in Portugal, on the 31st of December 2020, was estimated at 10,298,252 persons, 2,343 more than in 2019.
The slight increase in population in 2020 resulted from a net migration of 41,274 people (44,506 in 2019), which counterbalanced the negative natural balance, that decreased in 2020 to -38,931 (-25,214 in 2019). These results translated into a crude rate of increase, a crude rate of net migration and a crude rate of natural increase of 0.02%, 0.40% and -0.38%, respectively.
The number of children per woman at childbearing age dropped to 1.40 children (1.42 in 2019), because of the reduction in births in 2020.
In 2020, demographic ageing continued to increase. The ageing ratio, which compares the population aged 65 and over (elderly population) with the population aged 0 to 14 (younger population), reached the value of 167.0 elderly people for every 100 young people (163.2 in 2019).
The median age of the resident population in Portugal, which corresponds to the age that divides the population into two groups of equal size, rose from 45.5 years in 2019 to 45.8 years in 2020. In 2019, the most recent year for which there are comparable data provided by Eurostat, Portugal had the third highest median age in the European Union (EU 27: 43.9 years).