In 2018, the resident population in Portugal was estimated at 10,276,617 people, a decline of 14,410 inhabitants from the previous year.
The number of live births was 87,020, an increase of 1.0% compared with 2017 (86,154). The total fertility rate increased to 1.41 children per woman (1.37 in 2017).
The mean age of women at childbirth continued to increase, reaching 31.4 years (31.2 in 2017), while the mean age at first childbirth increased to 29.8 years (29.6 years in 2017).
The number of deaths was 113,051, an increase of 3.0% when compared to 2017 (109,758). The number of infant deaths was 287, more 58 deaths than in 2017. The infant mortality rate increased to 3.3 deaths per thousand live births (2.7‰ in 2017).
In 2018, 34,637 marriages were celebrated in Portugal, an increase of 3.0% over the previous year (33,634). The mean age at first marriage was 33.6 years for men and 32.1 years for women (33.2 years and 31.6 years, respectively in 2017).
The number of divorces decreased 5.7%, to 20,345. The mean age at divorce was 47.1 years for men and 44.6 years for women.
The number of permanent immigrants who entered Portugal in 2018 was estimated at 43,170, 17.8% more than in 2017 (36,639), and the number of permanent emigrants who left the country was estimated at 31,600, 0.5% less than in 2017 (31,753). Thus the net migration was positive for the second consecutive year (4,886 in 2017 and 11,570 in 2018).
In 2018, 28,856 foreigners acquired Portuguese citizenship, 23.7% higher than in 2017 (23,320): 21,333 citizenship acquisitions were attributed to foreigners residing in Portugal and 7,523 to residents abroad.
In spite of the increase of the number of live births, decreasing emigration and rising immigration, the demographic situation in Portugal in 2018 continues to be characterized by a decrease in the resident population, although it has been attenuated in the last two years.
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