From 2006 to 2015, the growth rates of Spanish population changed significantly: from 17.4% at the beginning and -0.2% at the end of the period, with a peak of declining values in 2013 (-4.6%). As regards Portugal, the fluctuation was not as steep, although since 2010 the rates have declined and the change rate was -3.2% in 2015.
In the period 2008-2015, the average annual change rate in the Harmonized Index of Consumer Prices has shown a downward trend in both countries, in line with the outcome across the EU. Levels were higher in Spain (4.1% in 2008; -0.6% in 2015) than in Portugal (3.7% at the beginning of the series and 0.0% at the end).
In 2015 Spain accounted for the largest fish catching in the European Union: more than 900 000 tonnes (corresponding to 17.6% of the EU total), well above the 185 000 tonnes caught by Portuguese fishing vessels.
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