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 Confidence indicator (Balance of extreme answers) for Trade
Characteristic Description
Name Confidence indicator (Balance) for trade by Type of trade; Monthly
Regularity Monthly
Source Statistics Portugal, Short-term statistics on business - trade survey
First available period January 1989
Last available period January 2023
  • Data reference period (Month)
  • Geographic location
  • Type of trade
  • ENTERPRISE:  Legal entity (natural or legal person) that is an organisational unit producing goods or services, which benefits from a certain degree of autonomy in decision-making, especially for the allocation of its current resources. An enterprise carries out one or more activities at one or more locations.
  • REFERENCE PERIOD:  The length of time for which data are collected, e.g. a specific day, month or year.
Formule Trade Confidence Indicator is calculated according to the methodology of the EC - DG ECFIN, and corresponds to the arithmetic mean of the balances of the following questions:
- How has (have) your business activity (sales) developed over the past 3 months? It has… (They have...) 1. + improved (increased); 2. = remained unchanged; 3. − deteriorated (decreased).
- How do you expect your business activity (sales) to change over the next 3 months? It (They) will... 1. + improve (increase); 2. = remain unchanged 3. − deteriorate (decrease).
- [Inverted Sign] Do you consider the volume of stock you currently hold to be...? 1. + too large (above normal); 2. = adequate (normal for the season); 3. − too small (below normal).
Measure unit (symbol) Percentage (%)
Power of 10  0
Observations AV - Actual value (Gross value)
Last update date 30/01/2023

information presented in 6/2/2023